27.04.12 - 31.05.12
CONGO, RD (EAST): The escalation of fighting between Congolese armed forces and the rebellion of renegade General Bosco Ntaganda causes hundreds of deaths and the displacement of 100,000 people.
MALI (NORTH): The pro-independence MNLA group and the Islamist group Ansar Dine seal an alliance and decree the creation of the Islamic State of Azawad.
NEPAL: The Constituent Assembly is dissolved due to the parties' inability to reach consensus on the new Constitution.
SYRIA: Syria's situation gets worse, with an increase in the civilian victims of violence and a growing pessimism about the options of the peace plan promoted by the UN.
TURKEY (SOUTH): The Kurdish armed group PKK increases attacks against military and civil targets.
YEMEN: A military attack in the capital on the eve of the anniversary of unification demonstrates the fragile situation in the country and the expansion of AQAP actions.
AFGHANISTAN: NATO adopts its exit plan, which raises many questions about the security in the country after 2014.
CONGO, RD (EAST) – RWANDA: The UN accuses Rwanda of supporting the renegade rebel group of Bosco Ntaganda, and Rwanda accuses the Congolese Armed Forces of supporting the Rwandese Hutu FDLR armed group.
EGYPT: In the days before the presidential elections in Egypt several acts of violence cause the death of more than twenty people.
GUINEA: The postponement of parliamentary elections does not appease the protests and opposition allegations of tampering with the elections.
LEBANON: The tensions arising from the conflict in Syria provoke confrontations that reach the Lebanese capital, leaving several dead in May.
MALI: The attack against the interim president at the hands of a group of protesters calls into question the readiness of the Military Junta to return power to civilian hands.
MOROCCO – WESTERN SAHARA: Rabat loses confidence in the UN secretary general's special envoy for Western Sahara, Christopher Ross.
MYANMAR: Labor strikes due to the working conditions and social protests about the lack of electricity take place in different parts of the country.
MYANMAR: The government and the armed opposition group SSA-S sign a peace agreement later marred by clashes.
RWANDA: A young Rwandese set himself on fire in view of police pressure, in a similar situation to the young Tunisian who became the trigger for the Arab spring.
SUDAN – SOUTH SUDAN: Both countries return to the negotiating table even though bombings at the border are still being reported.
GUINEA-BISSAU: Military coup personnel accept ECOWAS road map for the restoration of civilian power and allow the deployment of a peacekeeping force in its territory.
HAITI: The Foreign Minister is appointed prime minister after receiving the support of Parliament and the Senate, a move that is expected to end the political impasse.
PHILIPPINES (MINDANAO-MILF): The government and the MILF hold a new round of exploratory talks and the Government reaffirms its willingness to reach a final agreement before the end of the year.
SIERRA LEONE: Former Liberian president Charles Taylor is sentenced to 50 years in prison for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Sierra Leone.