The Barómetro (Barometer) is a quarterly report published in Spanish which analyses events taking place around the world according to three thematic areas: armed conflicts, socio-political crises and peace processes. The report is, therefore, a dynamic instrument which offers a thorough monitoring of general trends by subject and country and updates the information in the yearly publication Alert!
|Barómetro issue 39,
July - September 2015 (in Spanish)
- At the end of the quarter the total number of armed conflicts was 33. Most took place in Africa (12) and Asia (11), followed by Middle East (six), Europe (three) East, and America (one).
- Boko Haram continued to increase its violence in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
Heavy fighting caused the worst casualties in AMISOM since the beginning of its presence in Somalia.
- In Afghanistan, 2015 was the most violent year since 2001.
- The war between Turkey and Kurdish PKK guerrillas resumed, while the political and social climate deteriorated.
- The armed conflict in Yemen continued to worsen, with a death toll of 4,800 fatalities since the escalation of violence in March.
- The internationalization of the armed conflict in Syria intensified, with a more direct involvement of Russia in support of the regime in Damascus.
- The Philippine government said that more than 40 Abu Sayyaf members were killed as part of a counterinsurgency operation that would have caused the group one of its major setbacks in recent times.
- In the Chinese province of Xinjiang, 50 people were killed and 50 wounded in an attack on a coal mine.
- During the quarter the total number of socio-political crises was 94, most of them in Africa (37) and Asia (25), followed by Europe (14), Middle East (13) and America (five).
- A coup by the Presidential Guard destabilized the transition process in Burkina Faso, forcing a postponement of the presidential elections scheduled for October.
- Burundi stood on the brink of armed conflict as a result of the escalation of political violence and instability.
- The Sudanese government promoted the development of the National Dialogue negotiations offering a truce and amnesty for the rebels.
- Haiti held the first round of legislative elections with the validation of results by the OAS.
- In Peru the clashes and tensions caused by the situation in the mining sector continued.
- In Sri Lanka the opposition won the parliamentary elections and the new government announced transitional justice measures.
- Violations of the ceasefire between Armenia and Azerbaijan increased, including some with heavy weapons.
- The Rohingya population did not participate in the elections in Myanmar on November 8th.
- Nepal adopted the new Constitution among mass protests by Terai people.
- After months of negotiations, an historic agreement was reached on the Iranian nuclear program during the quarter.
- The Government of South Sudan and the rebel SPLA-IO ratified the peace agreement proposed by the IGAD-Plus.
- The pro-government militia and the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA) broke the ceasefire agreed in the Peace Agreement in Northern Mali.
- The Government of Mozambique and RENAMO opposition broke off peace talks.
- The negotiations for a political solution to the conflict in Libya continued in an adverse environment, despite the announcement of an agreement in July.
- The cancellation of the second round of talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government threatened the reconciliation process.
- Two influential tribal leaders were willing to negotiate a political solution to the conflict in Balochistan with the Pakistani government.
- In Myanmar, the differences between the insurgents and the Government led to a partial signing of the ceasefire agreement.
- The crisis between the Philippine government and the MILF increased due to difficulties in approving a law that enables the implementation of the peace agreement.
- In southern Thailand, the dialogue between the government and an umbrella group of six insurgencies resumed.
- The dialogue process in Turkey remained inactive and the unilateral ceasefire by the PKK was broken, in a context of a serious increase in violence.
- Serbia and Kosovo reached a package of agreements that includes an agreement for the creation of an association of Serb municipalities in Kosovo.