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Barómetro


The Barómetro (Barometer) is a quarterly report published in Spanish which analyses events taking place around the world according to three thematic areas: armed conflicts, socio-political crises and peace processes. The report is, therefore, a dynamic instrument which offers a thorough monitoring of general trends by subject and country and updates the information in the yearly publication Alert!


Barómetro

Barómetro issue 39, July - September 2015 (in Spanish)

ISSN 2013-8016


Armed conflicts
  • At the end of the quarter the total number of armed conflicts was 33. Most took place in Africa (12) and Asia (11), followed by Middle East (six), Europe (three) East, and America (one).
  • Boko Haram continued to increase its violence in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
    Heavy fighting caused the worst casualties in AMISOM since the beginning of its presence in Somalia.
  • In Afghanistan, 2015 was the most violent year since 2001.
  • The war between Turkey and Kurdish PKK guerrillas resumed, while the political and social climate deteriorated.
  • The armed conflict in Yemen continued to worsen, with a death toll of 4,800 fatalities since the escalation of violence in March.
  • The internationalization of the armed conflict in Syria intensified, with a more direct involvement of Russia in support of the regime in Damascus.
  • The Philippine government said that more than 40 Abu Sayyaf members were killed as part of a counterinsurgency operation that would have caused the group one of its major setbacks in recent times.
  • In the Chinese province of Xinjiang, 50 people were killed and 50 wounded in an attack on a coal mine.


Socio-political crisis
  • During the quarter the total number of socio-political crises was 94, most of them in Africa (37) and Asia (25), followed by Europe (14), Middle East (13) and America (five).
  • A coup by the Presidential Guard destabilized the transition process in Burkina Faso, forcing a postponement of the presidential elections scheduled for October.
  • Burundi stood on the brink of armed conflict as a result of the escalation of political violence and instability.
  • The Sudanese government promoted the development of the National Dialogue negotiations offering a truce and amnesty for the rebels.
  • Haiti held the first round of legislative elections with the validation of results by the OAS.
  • In Peru the clashes and tensions caused by the situation in the mining sector continued.
  • In Sri Lanka the opposition won the parliamentary elections and the new government announced transitional justice measures.
  • Violations of the ceasefire between Armenia and Azerbaijan increased, including some with heavy weapons.
  • The Rohingya population did not participate in the elections in Myanmar on November 8th.
  • Nepal adopted the new Constitution among mass protests by Terai people.
  • After months of negotiations, an historic agreement was reached on the Iranian nuclear program during the quarter.


Peace processes
  • The Government of South Sudan and the rebel SPLA-IO ratified the peace agreement proposed by the IGAD-Plus.
  • The pro-government militia and the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA) broke the ceasefire agreed in the Peace Agreement in Northern Mali.
  • The Government of Mozambique and RENAMO opposition broke off peace talks.
  • The negotiations for a political solution to the conflict in Libya continued in an adverse environment, despite the announcement of an agreement in July.
  • The cancellation of the second round of talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government threatened the reconciliation process.
  • Two influential tribal leaders were willing to negotiate a political solution to the conflict in Balochistan with the Pakistani government.
  • In Myanmar, the differences between the insurgents and the Government led to a partial signing of the ceasefire agreement.
  • The crisis between the Philippine government and the MILF increased due to difficulties in approving a law that enables the implementation of the peace agreement.
  • In southern Thailand, the dialogue between the government and an umbrella group of six insurgencies resumed.
  • The dialogue process in Turkey remained inactive and the unilateral ceasefire by the PKK was broken, in a context of a serious increase in violence.
  • Serbia and Kosovo reached a package of agreements that includes an agreement for the creation of an association of Serb municipalities in Kosovo.

2015

Barómetro issue 38
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2015
Barómetro issue 37
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2015

2014

Barómetro issue 36
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2014
Barómetro issue 35
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2014
Barómetro issue 34
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2014

2013

Barómetro issue 33
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2013
Barómetro issue 32
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2013
Barómetro issue 31
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2013

2012

Barómetro issue 30
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2012
Barómetro issue 29
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2012
Barómetro issue 28
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2012

2011

Barómetro issue 27
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2011
Barómetro issue 26
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2011
Barómetro issue 25
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2011

2010

Barómetro issue 24
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2010
Barómetro issue 23
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2010
Barómetro issue 22
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2010

2009

Barómetro issue 21
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2009
Barómetro issue 20
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2009
Barómetro issue 19
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2009

2008

Barómetro issue 18
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2008
Barómetro issue 17
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2008
Barómetro issue 16
(in Spanish)
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2008

2007

Barómetro issue 15
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2007
Barómetro issue 14
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2007
Barómetro issue 13
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2007

2006

Barómetro issue 12
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2006
Barómetro issue 11
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2006
Barómetro issue 10
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2006

2005

Barómetro issue 9
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2005
Barómetro issue 8
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2005
Barómetro issue 7
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2005

2004

Barómetro issue 6
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2004
Barómetro issue 5
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2004
Barómetro issue 4
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2004

2003

Barómetro issue 3
ISSN 2013-8016
July - September 2003
Barómetro issue 2
ISSN 2013-8016
April - June 2003
Barómetro issue 1
ISSN 2013-8016
January - March 2003
 

Plaça del Coneixement - Edifici MRA (Mòdul Recerca A), UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, España - Tel. (+34) 93 586 88 42 
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