Human Rights Index
The Human Rights Index measures the degree of lack of protection or noncompliance of the obligations of States in regard to human rights and the IHL in 195 countries (the 192 member states of the United Nations, as well as the Palestinian Authority, Taiwan and the Vatican) over a fixed period of time –set out in detail for each indicator– and according to different sources. It is comprised of 22 indicators divided into the following three dimensions: a) the non-ratification of the main instruments of International Law of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (IHL), b) the violation of the International Law of Human Rights and, c) violation of the International Humanitarian Law.
The indicators have been chosen based on the following criteria:
- the relevant data to determine the degree of lack of protection or noncompliance of the obligations of the State regarding human rights in a particular country;
- the availability of data from the maximum number of countries in the study;
- the reliability and transparency of the chosen sources.