Escola de Cultura de Pau
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Peace education is understood to be “a permanent, continuous, and dynamic process rooted in concepts of positive peace and a creative outlook toward conflict. By focussing on socio-affective and problematizing causes, positive peace aims to develop a new culture of peace which enables individuals to critically discern the reality in which they are immersed and to act upon it …” (Jares, Xesús (1999). Educación para la paz, Madrid: Editorial Popular)

Essential to peace education is consistency between the attitude, content, context, and methodology employed.

Attitude: the attitude of the educator and student should agree with the desired values to transmit. While the educator commits to anti-authoritarianism and equity, the student’s role is to participate actively, critically, and positively.

Methodology: peace education employs a socio-affective methodology which takes into account individual experiences and uses emotions to reflect and transform, as follows: Feel > Reflect > Act.

Context: it is important that everyone in a group or class understands and accepts the rules, preferably after they have been debated. It is also important that decisions are made inclusively, all voices have been heard, and when final decisions have to be made, they are as representative as possible.

Content: educating for peace includes, among other topics, education for disarmament, human rights, and interculturalism. Focus is given to conflict because conflict is innate to human relations and touches on all other threads of peace education. Peace education focuses on the subjectivity of individuals, and thus critical awareness through concepts of peace, violence, and conflict.